Diagnosing Type II Diabetes: The USPSTF recommends screening for Diabetes Type II at age 35. Diabetes Type II can be diagnosed by any one of the following:
- HbA1c greater than 6.5.
- Fasting blood glucose greater than 126.
- Random blood glucose greater than 200 with symptoms (excessive thirst, weight loss).
- 2-hour blood glucose level over 200 during an oral glucose tolerance test.
What does “pre-diabetes” mean?
Fasting blood glucose 100-125 or HbA1c 7-6.4. How do you treat it? Lifestyle changes (weight loss, exercise) can reduce progression to Type II Diabetes.
Complications of diabetes type 2:
- Retinopathy: may present as blurred vision, make sure you schedule a yearly eye exam.
- Increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
- Increased risk of infection.
- Nephropathy: protein in the urine may be the first sign of kidney disease.
- Neuropathy: numbness and tingling that commonly affects feet and hands in a “stocking-glove distribution.” Recommend a yearly podiatry exam.