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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Approximately 40% of adults in the US report having GERD symptoms once a month

Symptoms: burning sensation in the middle of the chest, typically within an hour of eating a meal. Can also present during exercise or when lying flat. People commonly complain of a bitter taste or sensation of throat fullness

Uncommon symptoms: cough, asthma with wheezing, hoarseness of voice, chest pain

Alarm symptoms when you need to seek immediate medical attention include weight loss, blood loss, pain or difficulty swallowing

Treatment: proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is the mainstay of treatment to reduce stomach acid for 4-6 weeks.
Lifestyle changes are also helpful, such as elevating head of bed at night, stop tobacco and alcohol use, eat smaller meals with low fat content

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